Posted November 20, 2019 09:17:00A team from the University of Birmingham has developed a new chemical that could transform water from one of the world’s most potent greenhouse gases into ethanol, which can be used to make fuels, plastics and other products.
Water, or CO2, is one of nature’s biggest carbon sinks.
Water molecules, when heated, become more than 40 times more reactive and can break down into water molecules that are then further heated to the point where they are about 30 times more soluble.
This increases the rate at which CO2 is removed from the atmosphere, making the climate warmer.
Water also reacts with other chemicals and substances, creating an atmosphere-harming chemical called ethane, which is a byproduct of burning fossil fuels.
To turn water into ethane from water, a catalyst is added to a solution.
The catalyst can act like a catalyst on a chemical reaction, which causes the reaction to break down.
The catalyst works by reducing the amount of water in the solution, and this reduces the number of hydrogen atoms in the reaction product.
This reduces the energy involved in the chemical reaction.
This is important, because hydrogen is an essential component of carbon, which means that when you burn fossil fuels, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions can cause the atmosphere to warm.
The resulting increase in CO2 can cause more frequent and more severe storms.
When a reaction like this occurs, the carbon in the environment reacts to create methane.
Methane, as the name suggests, is an explosive gas, but is less than 2% as powerful as CO2.
Methanogenic methane is an important component of many ecosystems and can be a very potent greenhouse gas.
In a paper published in Nature Climate Change, the team led by Prof David Bower, from the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, showed that they could use the same catalyst to convert water into a more stable form of ethane called acetone.
This could make ethanol, an ingredient of many plastics, more affordable and more effective.
The researchers believe this new catalyst will be useful for industrial processes such as fuel cells and hydrogen storage.
The researchers also plan to develop a novel synthetic form of acetone to replace CO2 in water used for refrigeration.
Dr David Bowers, from Imperial College London, said: “Our catalyst is a novel type of carbon-based catalyst that can convert water from a potent greenhouse greenhouse gas to a stable, stable form.”
Our research is a first step towards the development of a sustainable fuel cell system, as this technology could potentially provide a solution for our climate change problems.
“The research was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, the Leverhulme Trust and the Natural Science Foundation.